Recovery

Originating from the civil rights movement, the use of the recovery concept in mental health emerged as deinstitutionalization resulted in more individuals living in the community. It gained impetus as a social movement due to a perceived failure by services and wider society to adequately support social inclusion, and by studies demonstrating that recovery is possible for anyone. A recovery approach has now been explicitly adopted as the guiding principle of mental health policies in a number of countries and states. In many cases practical steps are being taken to base services on a recovery model, although a range of obstacles, concerns and criticisms have been raised both by service providers and by recipients of services.

A recovery approach to mental health emphasizes and supports a person's potential for recovery. Recovery is generally seen in this approach as a personal journey rather than a set outcome, and one that may involve developing hope, a secure base and sense of self, supportive relationships, empowerment, social inclusion, coping skills, and meaning. Other names for the concept are recovery model or recovery-oriented practice.

 

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